In March 2018, I visited the famose volcano Fuego in Guatemala. I climbed the volcano together with Matin Rietze and spend one night in the camp on the flank of Acatenango. The highlight of the night was a shooting star over the top of Fuego.
Volcanic lightning on Sakurajima in Japan. The lightning occurs in ash-rich eruptions, mostly during first 20 seconds of the eruption. I saw a shock wave in one of the first morning of my observations in March 2015. This shock wave you will see in the video.
Pico do Fogo is Cape Verde’s most active volcano. Fogo is a large volcano with a summit caldera. In it grows the current volcanic cone. In November 2014 an eruption began. On the flank of the current cone a fissure was opened. Strombolian eruptions occur from several vents and lava flows moved in direction of the village of Portela. After a few hours the visitor center was destroyed and two weeks later most houses were burried under lava.
The photos were takenbetween10th and 14th June 2014onthevolcanoDukono. The volcano is located on the Indonesianisland ofHalmahera. The volcano isconstantlyactivesince 2008, but the intensityof theactivityvaries greatly. We caughtthe volcanoin averyactive phase: Volcanic ashroseup to2.5 kmhigh.At night wewere able to observevolcaniclightning andstrombolianeruptions. The eruptionshurled lava bombsbeyondthe crater rimandpresenteda serious threat tothe observers. Members of the expeditions were Thorsten Böckel, Richard Roscoe and Marc Szeglat.
The eruption of Mount Sinabung started in September 2013, with series of small explosive eruptions. A lava dome begun to grow in December and some weeks later first pyroclastic flows occurred. The Geonauts reached the volcano in mid-January 2014. We documented the eruption for one week. On some days the volcano was covered by clouds, or the activity was less. But during two nights we observed plenty pyroclastic flows. In some of them we observed volcanic lightning in the rising ash clouds. Mostappeared in thenightof the 14thJanuary.
The village Sigarang Garang wasverybadly damagedby theeruption. Manyroofshad collapsedunder the weight ofvolcanic ash.
The paroxysmal eruption of Mount Etna appeared in the night between 16th and 17th November 2013. It was the 16th paroxysm this year. I travelled with the Geonauts Martin and Thorsten. We spend the night in our tents close to the rim of “Valle del Bove”, in a distance of 2 km to the active crater. The duration of the eruption was longer than it of most other paroxysm and less nearby all the night. Some spectacular lava bubbles were erupted. Two lava flows streamed to the southwest and southeast. These flows were not so long like others before.
The Russian peninsular Kamchatka is the land of volcanoes. During our journey between 14th and 26th October 2013 Martin, Richard and Marc visited the active volcanoes Klyuchevskoy and Sheveluch. The former one erupted first time since 3 years. During its strongest phases the explosions from Klyuchevskoy were heard at a distance from 30 km. Lava fountains rose up to 1 km above the summit.
Sheveluch volcano shows slight dome growth, accompanied by lava avalanches and small pyroclastic flows. One day before we reached the volcano, there was a bigger eruption with ash clouds up to 10 km altitude.
Sakurajima is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan. The volcano is in a stage of continuous eruptions since 2009. Most of them are from strombolian type, but some are more powerful vulcanian eruptions. In the ash clouds of these eruptions volcanic lightning occurs more often than on other volcanoes.
Batu Tara is a small strato volcano close to the coast of Flores in Indonesia. Batu Tara is located on Komba Island. It’s an inhabitant Island, the spirits of the death living on. That is the reasonwhykombais taboofor someIndonesians.
Batu Tara is similar to Stromboli in Italy. Its frequent eruptions are from same type. The eruptions occur every 10 to 20 minutes. Scoria rolls over the flank of the volcano into the sea.