Etna: Paroxysm No. 16/2013

The paroxysmal eruption of Mount Etna appeared in the night between 16th and 17th November 2013. It was the 16th paroxysm this year. I travelled with the Geonauts Martin and Thorsten. We spend the night in our tents close to the rim of “Valle del Bove”, in a distance of 2 km to the active crater. The duration of the eruption was longer than it of most other paroxysm and less nearby all the night. Some spectacular lava bubbles were erupted. Two lava flows streamed to the southwest and southeast. These flows were not so long like others before.

Kamchatka: Klyuchevskoy and Sheveluch

The Russian peninsular Kamchatka is the land of volcanoes. During our journey between 14th and 26th October 2013 Martin, Richard and Marc visited the active volcanoes Klyuchevskoy and Sheveluch. The former one erupted first time since 3 years. During its strongest phases the explosions from Klyuchevskoy were heard at a distance from 30 km. Lava fountains rose up to 1 km above the summit.

Sheveluch volcano shows slight dome growth, accompanied by lava avalanches and small pyroclastic flows. One day before we reached the volcano, there was a bigger eruption with ash clouds up to 10 km altitude.

Batu Tara: island of taboos

Batu Tara is a small strato volcano close to the coast of Flores in Indonesia. Batu Tara is located on Komba Island. It’s an inhabitant Island, the spirits of the death living on. That is the reason why komba is taboo for some Indonesians.

Batu Tara is similar to Stromboli in Italy. Its frequent eruptions are from same type. The eruptions occur every 10 to 20 minutes. Scoria rolls over the flank of the volcano into the sea.

Kawah Ijen: burning sulfur and blue flames

Kawah Ijen is a well known Volcano in east Java. In its summit crater lies an acid lake and on the shoreline of this lake degases many fumaroles. The fumaroles transport tones of sulfur from earth interior to its surface. The sulfur condenses close to the fumaroles and thick layers of the yellow mineral solidify in one part of the deep crater.  Every day hundreds of miners climbing down the crater and dig the sulfur. In two baskets they carry the minerals to a weight station, 3 km downhill.

Anak Krakatau: “child of Krakatau”

Anak Krakatau is the “child of Krakatau”. The new island growth up since 1926 and established a small stratovolcano in the caldera formed after the disaster from 1883. In this year the former island Krakatau destroyed itself in a very huge eruption. Tsunamis, caused by the collapse of the volcano, killed more than 36.500 people.

The eruptions of Anak Krakatau are not so disastrous like the one in 1883, but still power full enough, to threaten observers close to the volcano. In 2010 Chris and I visited Anak Krakatau and we spend 2 nights on the island. Vulcanian explosions threw lava bombs above our heads, smashed into the sea. An adventure we will never forget.

Bromo: Gods and eruptions

Mount Bromo is a volcano in central Java. The last eruption was in 2011, when the volcano was active for many months. The landscape was covered by volcanic ashes. The plants on the fields withered and the airport of Surabaya was closed on several days. But 3 months after the eruption the Kasada celebration was hold. Many Hindus climbed the crater rim and sacrificed animals, vegetables and fruits to their god Brahma.